Oedipus the King, also known by its Latin title Oedipus Rex, is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles. Oedipus the King tells the story of Oedipus, a man who becomes the king of Thebes, while unwittingly fulfilling a prophecy that he would kill his father, Laius, and marry his mother, Jocasta. the play is now widely regarded as Sophocles’ masterpiece.
Many parts or elements of the myth of Oedipus take place before the opening scene of the play. They may be described or referred to in the text. In his youth, Laius was a guest of King Pelops of Elis, and became the tutor of Chrysippus, youngest of the king’s sons, in chariot racing. He then violated the sacred laws of hospitality by abducting and raping Chrysippus, who according to some versions, killed himself in shame. This murder cast a doom over Laius, his son Oedipus, and all of his other descendants. However, most scholars are in agreement that the seduction or rape of Chrysippus was a late addition to the Theban myth.
A son is born to King Laius and Queen Jocasta of Thebes. After Laius learns from an oracle that “he is doomed/To perish by the hand of his own son”, he tightly binds the feet of the infant together with a pin and orders Jocasta to kill the infant. Hesitant to do so, she orders a servant to commit the act for her. Instead, the servant takes the baby to a mountain top to die from exposure. A shepherd rescues the infant and names him Oedipus (or “swollen feet”). (The servant directly hands the infant to the shepherd in most versions.) The shepherd carries the baby with him to Corinth, where Oedipus is taken in and raised in the court of the childless King Polybus of Corinth as if he were his own.
As a young man in Corinth, Oedipus hears a rumour that he is not the biological son of Polybus and his wife Merope. When Oedipus questions the King and Queen, they deny it, but, still suspicious, he asks the Delphic Oracle who his parents really are. The Oracle seems to ignore this question, telling him instead that he is destined to “Mate with [his] own mother, and shed/With [his] own hands the blood of [his] own sire”. Desperate to avoid his foretold fate, Oedipus leaves Corinth in the belief that Polybus and Merope are indeed his true parents and that, once away from them, he will never harm them.
On the road to Thebes, he meets Laius, his true father, with several other men. Unaware of each other’s identities, Laius and Oedipus quarrel over whose chariot has right-of-way. King Laius moves to strike the insolent youth with his sceptre, but Oedipus throws him down from the chariot and kills him, thus fulfilling part of the oracle’s prophecy.
Shortly after Oedipus solves the riddle of the Sphinx, which has baffled many diviners: “What is the creature that walks on four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three in the evening?” To this Oedipus replies, “Man” (who crawls on all fours as an infant, walks upright later, and needs a walking stick in old age), and the distraught Sphinx throws herself off the cliffside. Oedipus’s reward for freeing the kingdom of Thebes from her curse is the kingship and the hand of Queen Dowager Jocasta, his biological mother. The prophecy is thus fulfilled, although none of the main characters knows it.
“….avoid confronting the brutal facts. He dug painful blind his eyes,
Self-imposed exile, so that they will never lonely drifting in the dark. Because of his unyielding dedication to this noble soul, after many years of penance.After that, he finally got the peace and salvation of the soul.”
“self-fulfilling prophecy”, in that the prophecy itself sets in motion events that conclude with its own fulfilment.”
- Oedipus by GEORGY STYPIN:
Oedipus rex by Igor Stravinsky /Performer: Philip Langridge (Tenor), Jessye Norman (Soprano), Bryn Terfel (Baritone) /Conductor: Seiji Ozawa /Period: 20th Century/Written: 1926-1927; France /Date of Recording: 1992 /Jessye Norman, Bryn Terfel and Philip Langridge head a star cast in a stunning staging of Stravinsky’s opera-oratorio. One of the most visually compelling stagings of any 20th century opera./Julie Taymor’s amazing film of Stravinsky’s opera-oratorio ‘Oedipus Rex’ won many awards, following its staging at the Saito Kinen Festival in Japan in 1992. Julie Taymor (designer and director of ‘The Lion King’) both directed the production and designed the costumes, basing the unique look of the production on early Japanese Haniwa and European Cycladic sculpture (3200-2200 BC), and assisted by a strking set design from George Tsypin and clay make-up from Reiko Kruk./With the great English tenor Philip Langridge in the ill-fated title role, an imperious Jessye Norman as Jocasta, and a young Bryn Terfel as Creon, this was an ideal cast, delivering powerful performances of Stravinsky’s archaic drama of disease, corruption, murder, suicide and, finally, self-inflicted blinding. The speaking role is taken by the Japanese actor Min Tanaka, with an all-Japanese male chorus and dancer (as Oedipus’s double). The polished Saito Kinen Orchestra was conducted by maestro Seiji Ozawa.
Oedipus Rex/Musique d’Igor Stravinsky. Texte de Jean Cocteau./Direction : Bernard Haitink./Neil Rosenshein (Oedipe), Dame Felicity Palmer (Jocaste), Claudio Desderi (Créon), Anton Scharinger (Tirésias / Le messager), Justin Lavender (Le berger), Jean Rochefort (narrateur)./Orchestre du Concertgebouw./Choeur de la N.O.S./Mise en scène et décors : Harry Wich./Théâtre carré à Amsterdam 1984.
Filmed by the famed British actor/director Sir Tyrone Guthrie, this elegant version of Sophocles’ important play adds a brilliant stroke–the actors wear masks just as the Greeks did in the playwright’s day. The story of Oedipus’ gradual discovery of his primal crime–killing his father and marrying his mother–has influenced many of the great plays, films and books of all time. When this landmark film production of one of the great dramas ever appeared, it was hailed from all corners: “Spectacular and awesome…this film is a jewel of great price!” raved The New York/Times./Directed By: Barbara Franklin , Donald Davis/Written By: Sophocles, William Butler Yeats
- Oedipussy 这是一个构思非常独到的改编剧。我非常佩服演员能够给我们带来的搞笑的感受与表演，即使这是一个基础在悲剧的故事上，所有的道具与服装也非常抢人眼球，给故事的趣味性增添了很多的色彩。
ウォーレスの人魚 ( 1997) writted by Japanese writer Iwai Shunji. This book is talking the story of mermaid.However, one point quiet contriversal is writeradopted by the Alfred Russel Wallace ( He is best known for independently conceiving the theory of evolution through natural selection; his paper on the subject was jointly published with some of Charles Darwin’s writings in 1858. This prompted Darwin to publish his own ideas in On the Origin of Species. ref: . “On the Tendency of Varieties to Depart Indefinitely From the Original Type” )
This hypothesis is about anthropology： for some reason, our pimate ancestors had lived in water for a period,After that, a branch back to the land, evolution became a man, another branch is still living in the water.This hypothesis has some support evidence that teeth,Muscle layer and evaluation of brain is more like human being but Marine mammals.This means there is an important lost step compare withDarwin’s theory of evolution.
The Naked Ape: A Zoologist’s Study of the Human Animal is a 1967 book by zoologist and ethologist Desmond Morris that looks at humans as a species and compares them to other animals. In this book, we also could see some description about the the possible period of pimate ancestors had lived in water.
ABOVE: Jason deCaires Taylor installs the first phase of sculptures in Museo Atlantico, the first underwater contemporary art museum in Europe and the Atlantic Ocean. Situated in clear blue waters off the coast of Lanzarote, Spain. The unique, permanent installation is constructed 14m beneath the surface, accessible to snorkelers and divers. The Museum will be open to visitors from the 25th of February 2016.
ABOVE: Saturn Devouring His Son is the name given to a painting by Spanish artist Francisco Goya. This is a disturbing portrait of the titan Saturn consuming one of his children, was one of six works with which Goya decorated the dining room. According to Roman myth (inspired by the original Greek myth), it had been foretold that one of the sons of Saturn would overthrow him, just as he had overthrown his father, Caelus. To prevent this, Saturn ate his children moments after each was born. His wife Ops eventually hid his sixth son, Jupiter, on the island of Crete, deceiving Saturn by offering a stone wrapped in swaddling in his place. Jupiter eventually supplanted his father just as the prophecy had predicted. This is the very beginning story of cannibalism and the cruel relationship between parents and child.
Hansel und Gretel: This is a well-known fairy tale of German origin, recorded by the Brothers Grimm and published in 1812. There is some description of a cannibalistic witch living deep in the forest in a house constructed of cake and confectionery and she wants to eat this two child.
Little Red Cap is a European fairy tale. And the original story is not always end by failure of wolfs. In the early variations of the tale The antagonist is even not always a wolf, but sometimes an ogre or a ‘bzou’ (werewolf), The wolf usually leaves the grandmother’s blood and meat for the girl to eat, who then unwittingly cannibalizes her own grandmother. In some versions, the wolf eats the girl after she gets into bed with him, and the story ends there. ref: 1. Catherine Orenstein, Little Red Riding Hood Uncloaked: Sex, Morality and the Evolution of a Fairy Tale, pp 92-106, ISBN 0-465-04126-4
2.Jump up to: a b Darnton, Robert (1985). The Great Cat Massacre and Other Episodes in French Cultural History. New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0-394-72927-7.
Lu Xun’（master of modern chinese literature ) describe Chinese traditional culture in his work Diary of a Madman : ‘ man-eating ritual’ the “cannibalism” exploitation of cultural icons, to enhance the level of social structure.
Above: Julien Salaud has installed several new works as part of his “Stellar Cave” series involving elaborate thread drawings illuminated by ultraviolet light. The polygonal depictions of people, animals, and zoomorphic figures are meant to evoke the idea of star constellations with allusions to mythology and mysticism. Salaud works with cotton thread coated in ultraviolet paint wrapped around precisely placed nails on ceilings or gallery walls.
Artist John Franzen creates textured drawings reminiscent of wrinkled fabric, or waves of water, by drawing tediously placed rows of lines with black ink. ‘Each Line One Breath’. Lines in his hand is full of vitality, they are composing a space , twist a space. Through that , I could see the power of lines. referecne : yellowtrace
“As someone who regularly seeks out unconventional mind-bending inspiration, I am incredibly interested in the idea of installations that redefine spaces. Lately I’ve been noticing a whole heap of amazing examples that do just that, utilising modest materials such as strings, threads, ropes, metal chains etc. These interventions often allow colour and light to manipulate their surroundings, and push the very concept of space and our experience within it. To me, they almost appear as three-dimensional drawings, or an AutoCAD hatch gone wild. More importantly, many of these are such compelling examples of experiential art which honour their context, elevating the idea of existing space with their own composition & interpretation – the ultimate “collaboration” between space & art.” —his paragraph from yellowtrace gives a good collection of the are works made by lines and threads.
ABOVE: “TRIANGLE OF THE SQUINCHES” / CONTEMPORARY BALLET BY CHRISTOPHER HAAS.
“Triangle of the Squinches” is a collaborative, full-length, contemporary ballet created by San Francisco Architect, Christopher Haas and San Francisco Choreographer, Alonzo King & LINES Ballet. The impetus for the collaboration came from a shared interest in exploring the built environment and space within dance. In this dance work, the body of performers is almost become one unit with the yarn on stage. They used dance posture moving their bodies, changing the body, while the status of the case of the thread configuration has changed. This work and there is not much involved in the design stage, but this is a very good idea is to play with these lines. Whether by the performers or spectator
Above:Rain Room made by Random International. This is a poetic space combined fantasy and realism,. Audience would experience A downpour that will not get them wet. This art work present a surreal atmosphere, and interactive with water. Water becomes a kind of creature with vivid life from a physical liquid while It creatively present the participation from human being to ecological changes.
Above:During Sleep [Kunstraum Maximilianstrasse, Stadtforum München]Chiharu Shiota is a Japanese artist, she is very good at using thread as her medium. She associated with childhood trauma suffered by memory related,so, she began to try to put this to her unforgettable memories converted into the relative safety of the visible form. She filled the room lira numerous dense cotton, cocoons from floor to ceiling to wall, for all things. Woven made together from all nets constitute an enclosed space. the object twined by threads are blurry and seems out of sight of the audience. Her work impressed the audience: Death, depression, integrated shock of the disaster.
Above:“Tristan and Isolde”, 2014, Kiel Opera House/Germany, photo: Olaf Struck.This is a work made by Chiharu Shiota. (remember to find this play and have a look) I ddi not watched the play, but I found she used threads as a piece of fabric , lighted from back so , this picture presents a kind of beautiful blurry and mysterious atmosphre.
Gertrude Goldschmidt, always compared with Chiharu Shiota. Gego’s most popular works were produced in the 1960s and 1970s, during the height of popularity of Geometric abstract art and Kinetic Art. She develop her own style by drawing lines in space and break from the popular art of Venezuela.
< HAIGONGZI > – GengXue.
This is a image video work made by Gengxue, a Chinese artist who is vey into ceramics. I am trying to explore the issue about narrate a story with theatre set, and figures.What I can see from here, ceramics are heave ,cold ,fragile and smooth, similar as designs in theatre in model size. However, in the work of Gx’s, this story is vivid clear, what happened, what is going on, she use some special method which generally use in film televisions. such as, close-up, dolly shot and storyboard. all this technique made combination and contribute to a tangible idea of what happens. So, I think , as a part of my final work, I would like to have a short film like that for telling the designs I made and how can I made my
27 / 02 /2016 RESEARCHES